For such a small town, Neuchâtel's Art and History Museum (Musée d'Art et d'Histoire) is surprisingly good. The historical section contains a wide assortment of artifacts of everyday life of Neuchâtel's past including textiles, toys, uniforms, swords, armour, medals, coins, watches, furniture, medical instruments, mechanical birds in a cage, porcelain, glassware, 18th century robots, and much more. The fine arts section boasts collections of Neuchâtel, Swiss and French art including some French impressionist paintings.
In the Museum of Natural History (Musée d'Histoire Naturelle) Swiss mammals and birds sit, stand or fly stiff and stuffed and placed in natural settings in display cases. A vivarian contains fish, reptiles, small rodents and batrachians. Some large dinosaur fossils are on display as is the skeleton of a whale suspended by cables above you as you sit at your table in the museum café sipping your coffee. Quite good temporary exhibits pass through the museum regularly. Interesting museum for both kids and adults.
The Ethnography Museum's (Musée d'Ethnographie) permanent displays include artifacts from the time of the pharaohs, South Seas and African collections, and Kingdom of Bhutan. Temporary exhibits of one sort or another make their way to the museum every year, and are sometimes quite interesting.
Thousands of years ago Stone Age man lived in wood houses built on stilts on the shore of Lake Neuchâtel. Artifacts of this prehistoric culture and a reconstruction of a lake dwelling are found in the new Latenium Park and Archaeology Museum (Laténium, parc et Musée d'Archéology) on the lake shore of the town of Hauterive at Avenue Du Peyrou 7, ten minutes drive from downtown Neuchâtel.